Annuals, Biennials & Perennials Wild Flowers

Posted on February 28, 2018

Wild Flowers fall into three main categories Annuals, Biennials and Perennials; it is important to understand them if you want to make sure you get the best out of them.


Cornfield annuals Cornfield annuals

These are species such as Field Poppy, Cornflower, Corn Marigold. They tend to be very colourful and quick to grow.

Annuals will only last one year they multiply by growing fast shedding seed and the seed then grows the following year. For them to grow again there must be some bare soil that the seed can germinate and grow in. Historically the main annual wild flowers appeared in Arable Fields each year after the farmer ploughed the field. This is why they are sometimes called cornfield annuals.

They are often sown with a perennial meadow mix to give some impact in the first year. It is important to understand that with this approach Annuals are unlikely to appear from the second year as the meadow will smother them out.


Teasel Teasel Biennials

These are Wild Flower species such as Wild Carrot. Wild Foxglove, Teasel, and Dark Mullein.

A biennial plant takes two years to complete it's life cycle. It will germinate and grow, survive through one winter, and in the second year it will grow more, bloom, and then may die.

You may not see them in the first year then it can look like there is a mass of them in the second year then they may die out. If you want to see the species, such as Teasel, every year then sow seed for two consecutive years. The species may self seed and you will then see them every year.






Meadow Buttercup Meadow Buttercup Perennials

This is the widest range of wild flower species. They include such things as Buttercups, Daisies, Campion, Scabious and many more.

Perennial wild flowers take longer to establish, you may not see them in flower until the second year. But once they are established they come back year after year. Generally they are not as colourful or as striking as the annuals. Their natural habitat is amongst grass and perennial wild flowers work best when you have a range of them with grass as the back drop.

The aim is to have different ones in flower in different months. Normally you would cut the meadow down towards the end of the summer. End of August/early September. Then the grass and perennial wild flowers grow back.


If you are unsure about this then please feel free to contact Tim Evans for more advice by email at or by Freephone 0800 0854399


Cornfield Annuals 2017

Posted on August 4, 2017

Cornfield Annuals 2017 in flower

Cornfield annuals are the most colourful and dramatic of the Wild Flowers. Many customers would like to  see them every year. We had the following e-mail and picture from a customer in Buckingham shire this summer saying how they got them to work.

Cornfield Annuals in 2017 Cornfield Annuals in 2017

I had an unsuccessful time with my wild flowers in 2016. I diagnosed the problem as grass winning over the wild flowers. I decided on a change of approach and consulted you.

I cut the area right down at the end of August and rounduped it repeatedly until we repelled grass and achieved bare earth. I think we also harrowed the area (roughly 20m x 40m less paths) more than once. I then left it for the winter and probably weed-killed again in early spring. We then the sowed yr standard

Corn Field mixture + extra poppies + extra cornflowers in 2nd half of March. Before sowing we harrowed and then rolled afterwards.

They have looked marvellous this year. I attach a photograph, which perhaps does not do them full justice as the cornflowers are more prominent.

My conclusion is that if one likes the bright corn field flowers, one has to regard growing them as an annual agricultural operation, starting from scratch each year.

I thought you might like to hear from a satisfied customer!

This post was posted in 2017 Wild flower meadow and was tagged with cornflower, Field poppy, Corn cockle

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